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Karel Doorman

dj"Ik val aan, volg mij" I attack, follow me Я атакую, следуйте за мной

Telephone: +7(952) 213-555-7

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Можно купить! Легкий крейсер Java
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Можно купить! Гидросамолет Fokker C. XI-W
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Можно купить! Гидросамолет Fokker T-IV
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The Fokker T.IV was developed to meet the requirements of the Royal Netherlands Navy for a maritime patrol/torpedo bomber aircraft for use in the Dutch East Indies. The original design was for a twin engined float plane with a thick, cantilever, high mounted, monoplane wing and a deep, slab sided fuselage with an open cockpit housing the two man crew. The aircraft was powered by two 450hp Lorraine-Dietrich 12E W-12 engines and made its maiden flight on June 7th 1927. The aircraft was fitted with three machine guns and could carry either a single torpedo or 1,764lb, (800kg) of bombs. A total of twelve were built and delivered to the Dutch Naval Aviation Service in the Dutch East Indies. In 1935 Fokker developed an improved version, the T.IV(a), with 750hp Wright Cyclone radial engines replacing the original units. The other improvements included an enclosed cockpit and enclosed nose and dorsal turrets. A total of twelve were newly built and the original aircraft re-built to T.IV(a) standard. All the new builds were also to be used in the Dutch East Indies. The T.IV(a) proved to be a reliable and seaworthy aircraft and was used for local patrols and air-sea-rescue operations from Java until 1941, when the Japanese attacked the Dutch East Indies. All remaining aircraft bar one were either scuttled or destroyed by Japanese bombing. The last aircraft was damaged in an accident and written off in May 1941 

Подробнее: Обзор модели Fokker T.IV на сайте Britmodeller.com

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The Netherlands remained neutral during World War I and as a result there was no great expansion to her naval fleet. Post-war financial constraints delayed any new construction until the mid-1920s. To replace her aging and obsolete destroyer fleet, the Dutch looked to the British firm Yarrow, one of the foremost destroyer yards at that time, for a new design. Yarrow submitted plans for a class of ships to be built in Dutch yards that were broadly based on the British Ambuscade class. The first series of the Admiralen class (also referred to as the Van Ghent class) was comprised of Van Ghent, Evertsen, Kortenaer and Piet Hein. All four ships were commissioned in 1928. 

As built the ships in the Van Ghent class was fitted with four Bofors single 4.7” /50cal QF guns with two forward and two aft. A pair of single 75mm anti-aircraft guns was fitted on bandstands between the funnels. Four .5in machine guns rounded off the anti-aircraft armament. Six 21-inch torpedo tubes in triple mountings were also fitted. These ships could also perform mine laying tasks and could accommodate 24 mines if needed. As these ships were designed to operate in the Dutch East Indies, these destroyers were fitted with accommodations for a reconnaissance seaplane. A flying deck was built over the aft torpedo tubes and the aircraft was handled by a derrick on the main mast. Subsequently the after funnel was reduced in height and at the outbreak of the Pacific War the seaplane was landed. 

All four ships were stationed in the Dutch East Indies when war was declared on Japan on December 8, 1941 and were eventually incorporated into the American-British-Dutch-Australian (ABDA) Command fleet. Van Ghent ran aground in Tjilatjap harbor and became a wreck on February 15, 1942. Piet Hein was sunk in the Battle of Badung Straits on February 19, 1942. Kortenaer was lost in the Battle of the Java Sea on February 27, 1942. Evertsen was beached by her crew on March 1, 1942 after suffering severe damage from Japanese destroyers in the Sunda Straits the day before. 

Полностью обзор можно посмотреть здесь.



Обзор взят с сайта www.steelnavy.net 

 

The age of European colonialism began at the end of the 15th Century with the Spanish colonization of the “New World”. It didn’t take long before the other European powers followed suit. In the 17th Century the Netherlands was at the height of its power and colonized territory in the west and east. By the 20th Century, as colonialism was nearing its end, the most important colony for the Netherlands were the islands of the Dutch East Indies. Java, Sumatra, Celebes and the numerous other islands that are now Indonesia were a source for valuable natural resources and it wasn’t just the Netherlands that saw their value. To the North the expanding Japanese Empire also saw their value. Powerful, with an expanding army, navy and industrial might, Japan lacked natural resources and as with Great Britain was dependent on sea commerce. Between World War One and Two the main duty of the Dutch Navy was to protect the Dutch East Indies, primarily from the Japanese.

The Netherlands were spared from the horrors of World War One and remained neutral. However, the Dutch Navy was in a pitiful state with a few obsolete coast predreadnout battleships. In 1915 it was decided to build new cruisers, the largest type of warship the Netherlands could afford. They were designed with the aid of Krupp and were supplied with German machinery. They were exceptionally large and powerful when designed armed with ten 5.9-inch guns and displacing 6,670 tons standard and 8,208 tons full load. Their design reflected the armament placement of German and British cruiser construction of the time with single gun mounts with gun shields with four centerline guns and six mounted in outboard wing positions. They were primarily designed for service in the Dutch East Indies and the three ships ordered reflected this in their names. Java was laid down on May 31, 1916, Sumatra on July 15, 1916 but the third ship, Celebes, was never laid down. Java and Sumatra were very slow in building with Sumatra launched December 29, 1920 and Java on August 9, 1921. There was another long delay before their completion with Java completing on May 1, 1925 and Sumatra a year later on May 26, 1926. Although they were a first line design when conceived in 1915, their design was obsolete when completed a decade later. 

Полностью обзор можно посмотреть  здесь.

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Dutch Admiralen Class Destroyer, Second Series Pacific Crossroads 1:350


In the 1920s, the Dutch evaluated various European designs to replace the obsolete destroyers of the Roofdier-class. They settled for the British design of HMS Ambuscade. This type included many hard-learnt lessons from the Great War. The design was altered in places to make them more suitable for service in the Netherlands East Indies: a floatplane was added, and the fire control system was considered better than that of their British counterparts. The famous British destroyer yard Yarrow & Co. Ltd from Glasgow made these alterations to the design. During World War 2, these destroyers were in need of a modernization. Their anti-aircraft armament was rapidly becoming obsolete, and their means to detect and destroy submarines were minimal. Between 1940-1942, two of the destroyers had their aft masts removed; Van Ghent and Witte de With received asdic, but otherwise, these ships differed little from their original configuration at the time of their loss. 

Подробнее: Обзор модели эсминца Admiralen class второй серии